CMC permeates cortex to enhance moisture retention and strength. Ceramide 2 will reinforce CMC between cells. Fullerene, said to have 200 times more anti-oxidizing effect than Vitamin C, will reduce oxidative stress generated by chemical procedures.
CMC permeates cortex and between cuticles. CE makes preceding PPT solution hydrophobic (solid state) having it stay firmly inside hair. Massage hair well to have CE penetrate into hair (and you will see water emerging. The more hair is damaged the more water emerges.)